A whitetail gets its name from its tail. Now calling them just deer is an understatement. The mule deer is the largest of the Odocoileus genus, standing, on the average, 40 to 42 inches at the shoulders and stretching 80 inches or so nose to tail. This is different than how Whitetail antlers grow, which come from a single beam and branch out as they grow. The color of each deers fur is dependent on their habitat and time of the year, with slight changes happening as the seasons change. The Mule deer are often a lot larger than their whitetail counterparts. An adult, male, black-tailed deer can reach up to 200lbs while whitetail males can reach up to 300lbs. Yet, the obvious difference between the two deer is that the blacktail has less white on the rump and a blacker, thicker tail than the mule deer. Deer come in many shapes and sizes despite seeming like monolithic creatures. They try to see what is making the noise before bounding off. However, the black-tailed deer has a black non-bushy tail. Mule deer have a darker forehead than that of a whitetail deer. Mule deer do not have this. The greatest differences between a white-tailed deer and a black-tailed deer can be found in their morphology and size. Whitetail deer gallop away when they are scared. Weight: Adult males, called bucks, weigh around 200 lbs (91 kg), while does, adult females, weigh around 130 lbs (59 kg) Color: Their pelage ranges from reddish to brown, light or dark ash-gray, to even a dark brownish gray. if(typeof ez_ad_units!='undefined'){ez_ad_units.push([[250,250],'outdoorsmecca_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_10',107,'0','0'])};__ez_fad_position('div-gpt-ad-outdoorsmecca_com-medrectangle-4-0');if(typeof ez_ad_units!='undefined'){ez_ad_units.push([[250,250],'outdoorsmecca_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_11',107,'0','1'])};__ez_fad_position('div-gpt-ad-outdoorsmecca_com-medrectangle-4-0_1');.medrectangle-4-multi-107{border:none!important;display:block!important;float:none!important;line-height:0;margin-bottom:15px!important;margin-left:auto!important;margin-right:auto!important;margin-top:15px!important;max-width:100%!important;min-height:250px;min-width:250px;padding:0;text-align:center!important}. Two of these species are often confused with one another because they share many similarities; the mule and blacktail deer. Alfalfa bales are another commonly used feed for deer. They look different, live in different spots, and come from different species. Though both are descendants of whitetail, black-tailed deer are considered a sub-species of mule deer. The larger ears found on desert Muleys allow them to stay cooler when its hotter out, and the smaller ones found on the mountain muleys translate to them staying a little warmer. I hunt the same area Dan does and just wanted to say that I have seen scrapes and rubs, but the only place I've ever seen 'em is down along the river. But there are certainly more differences. All in all, the white-tailed deer and the black-tailed deer are very different creatures. So, how can you tell the difference between a mule deer vs black-tailed deer? But only males grow antlers. We may receive a commission with purchases through certain links. Description. But there are telltale things to look for. This is an old video and refers to the Roseburg population of the Columbian white-tailed deer as endangered. Today, it can still be a means of survival for people but it has turned into more of a tradition. White-tailed deer and mule deer have slightly different reproduction and mating cycles. I'll try to post some pics, I've got quite a few scrapes. It's almost impossible to distinguish between the East Siberian moose and the Alaska moose. They live in the southern half of Canada except near the west coast and almost all of the U.S. except for the Southwest near the Rocky Mountains. Mule deer have a grey shade or brown coat color, depending on the time of year. Furthermore, the white-tailed deer stands up to 3.9 feet tall and grows 7.2 feet long, while the black-tailed deer stands up to 3.7 feet tall and 5 feet long. In North America, one of the single most abundant game resources available to hunters is deer. Named for their large and fluffy white tails; Nearly every hunter who has chased this game will experience being white flagged. The biggest behavioral difference is their composure. They have much larger home ranges and of course winter ranges. Whitetail deer's ears are still large but not as large as a mule deer's. The most obvious difference between these two species is their tails. In mating season and other times of the year, however, mule deer appear to form larger herds of females who all share the same mother and males from different families. Whitetail and mule deer are two related deer . Moreover, caribou have the largest antlers compared to body size among all the members of the deer family. As a result, the only weight many hunters obtain for their deer is a field-dressed weight, leaving the whole weight of their quarry unknown. Ok, so the scientists and research articles that are focused on the taxonomy lineage and genetic makeup of a species have concluded that the mule deer and blacktail deer are in essence the same species. White-tailed deer tend to live in a variety of places. However, the species has a variety of subspecies, including the black-tailed deer. In some seasons, antler shape can be easily used to distinguish species of male deer . However, given the opportunity, they will consume agricultural plants and different grasses. This site contains affiliate links to products. Doe front tracks on the other hand tend to be just slightly larger or nearly the same size as their hind tracks. This is when its tail is the most prominent. Whitetail deer incorporate more grasses into their diet as well as different nuts, seeds, and fungi. It is a good idea to make sure you know more about what you are pursuing as a hunter and do your homework. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Most tracks are between 2 and 3 inches long on relatively hard ground. I've measured P&Y Blacktails who have won the biennual bowhunting awards in California bigger than any Mule deer I've killed. The black-tailed deer has a distinct range too. Their favorite meals are ferns, huckleberry, blackberries, apples, cranberry, elderberry, and more. Summary: 1.A buck is a male deer, and a doe is female deer. These deer are found throughout all of Central America and portions of northern South America. Blacktail deer, Columbian black-tailed deer. Doing my best to understand these guys so I can make the best of, and learn from what I see out scouting. Contact 503-947-6042 orclick here. As an Amazon affiliate, we earn from qualifying purchases. Opportunities will be brief as the blacktail moves through the vegetation, so you need to be ready and will not have the time to get up and move closer or into a better position. Taxonomically, they are the same, but you can see a clear difference in each subspecies when you view them. The white-tailed deer is known for having a bushy brown tail with a white underside for which it is named, while the black-tailed deer has a shorter, less bushy, black tail. When a whitetail is in danger or alerted, it often raises its tail straight up. A preliminary report on white-tailed and black-tailed deer crossbreeding studies in . Pumps, Automatics, Over & Unders, Side by Sides, Single Shot & more. The blacktail is notorious not only for being difficult to hunt, but just to see one. Their legs appear about the right length for their body. http://www.dfg.ca.gov/wildlife/hunting/deer/publications.html, ISO Replacement Forearm Pads for a Beretta Extrema. They eat grass, nuts, forbs, mushrooms, and fruits. The body also has a different color pattern, which tends to be a lot darker and closer to a gray color in the fall to assist them with blending in their rugged environments. When you add up the clues, they'll tell you if it's a buck or a doe. OutdoorWorld Reviews is a community-supported website. This is their number one defense against predators. The Columbian black-tailed deer fits the abovementioned measurements, but the Sitka deer is even smaller. in SW Oregon you have some chaparral/oaks/ with doug fir forests. 2019 -2022Outdoorworld.reviews - Reliable Outdoor Reviews. They may look alike at first glance, but their unique qualities make it simple to tell them apart. Fun Fact: They are the only British deer with palmate antlers (meaning a similar shape to hands or feet). As stated earlier, their antlers are also much different. Black-tailed deer failed to retain the size of their parent species of mule deer, instead becoming the smallestin general termsof the deer populations existing on the continent. Diet: Prefer grasses but will graze young shrubs. Well provide several different ways to tell these animals apart! The black-tailed deer eats many of the same things as the white-tailed deer. Their tail is much smaller and has a range of colors on it. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. They raise their tails in alarm when they detect threats. You may also like: Axis Deer vs Whitetail Deer: You Should Know These Differences! March 1, 2023 |Timber 2 Table Wild Game Recipes, February 24, 2023 |Timber 2 Table Wild Game Recipes. 3.The buck has a tendency to drag its feet across the ground whereas the doe picks up its feet when moving so it leaves behind a more ordered track. Whitetails are much more aggressive than mule deer. However, their territories do overlap in some locations. A mule deer has much more white on their face than a whitetail. Enter your email in the box below to get the most mind-blowing animal stories and videos delivered directly to your inbox every day. ContactODFW's public service representative at odfw.info@odfw.oregon.gov. And muddy it further behaviour-wise. Whitetails are subject to a different phenomenon than blacktails, which is Bergmanns Rule. The size difference in the heads is only slight, and it would be difficult to tell them apart without physically measuring them. First there are estrus doe bleats, which they make when they're in heat but there aren't any bucks around. Or as difficult as finding them. A mule deer is bigger than an average whitetail deer. Its when you start looking a little closer that youll start to notice some of the physical differences. Mule Deer vs White-tail: 5 Key Differences Explained. 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